03.11.2021, 11:27

The unspoiled landscape of the largest wetland in the Hong River Delta

Van Long is the largest wetland of the Hong River Delta, and it is also the largest habitat of the langur langur in Vietnam.

The enchanting unspoiled landscape of the largest wetland reserve in the Hong River Delta

In 1960, after the construction of a 30 km long dike to treat the Day River, Van Long (Gia Vien, Ninh Binh) became a large lagoon with a total area of ​​up to 3,500 ha. The appearance of this wetland has become the wintering place for many species of birds migrating from the North.

In 1999, this place became a nature reserve, recorded in the list of special-use forests in Vietnam and recognized as a Ramsar site of the world. This is currently the largest wetland nature reserve in the Hong River Delta. 

Some mountains have become islands in the middle of the vast sea, which has contributed to helping many animals and plants escape the negative impact of humans. Among the animals and plants that are fortunate to be protected, the most remarkable is the case of the langur. 

The steep cliffs create a spectacular image on the water of Van Long lagoon. This mountain is known as the “cat scratch” mountain.

Van Long Wetland is an ecologically diverse area, with limestone mountains inhabited by langurs that are kept away from negative human impacts.

In addition to the two main ecosystems of wetlands and forests on limestone mountains, there are also ecosystems of fields, lawns, shifting cultivation, and village ecosystems. The flora and fauna of this place are very typical for the limestone mountain and wetland ecosystems of the Northern Delta.

Van Long wetland area belongs to 7 communes: Gia Hung, Lien Son, Gia Hoa, Gia Van, Gia Lap, Gia Tan, and Gia Thanh. The photo is of a resident of Gia Van commune.

Also in this natural population is the Cut lagoon area, attractive natural scenery with flocks of sheep roaming on the dyke.

Water surface area of ​​Cut lagoon.

Villages mixed with the nature of Van Long lagoon create a peaceful scene, both wild and close to people. Pictured is Lang Van parish church in Gia Lap commune in a quiet sunset.

Panoramic view of Van Long wetland and “cat scratch” limestone mountain.

There are about 100 species of birds, 39 families, 13 orders, and there are tens of thousands of storks, fly storks and white storks that often feed in marshy fields and rice fields. Although the wetlands in Van Long have not been fully studied, it is also very likely to be an important place for migratory waterbirds such as ginseng.

Besides the white-butted langur, there are also bears, chamois, red-faced monkeys… Reptile frogs have 38 species belonging to 16 families, 3 orders, and 2 classes. In which, there are 9 species of reptiles recorded in the Vietnam Red Book, which are still present in Van Long such as king cobra, flower lizard, ground python, buffalo drain snake, red-headed striped snake…

However, currently, Van Long is still negatively affected by the surrounding cement factory and quarry site.

Van Long area has many beautiful and large caves that are valuable for tourism development such as Ca Cave, Ball Cave, Turtle Cave, and Chanh Cave. Particularly, Ca cave is a 250 m long, 8 m high, 10 m wide cave. This is the gathering and breeding place of catfish, perch, and banana fish. Shadow Cave is a beautiful cave over 100 m long, 4-story Duoi cave, Canh Gate cave… Follow Dan trí