03.11.2021, 11:41

National treasure: Bia Dien Nam Giao – the altar of heaven and earth of ancient Thang Long

Bia Dien Nam Giao – a priceless artifact of the Le Trung Hung period, is a historical evidence of the sacred values ​​of the traditional national holiday that still exists almost intact to this day.


Bia Dien Nam Giao made of stone was erected in the fourth year of the Vinh Tri era, during the reign of King Le Hy Tong (1679) in Thang Long citadel. This is a rare and precious artifact of the Le Trung Hung period that is still preserved and has been recognized as a National Treasure in 2015.
National treasure: Bia Dien Nam Giao – the altar of heaven and earth of ancient Thang Long
The stele is located in the complex of the outdoor display system and memorial space at the National History Museum as proof of the unique, rich, and attractive history of national construction and defense of the Vietnamese nation.
The semicircular forehead is decorated with a pair of dragons adoring the sun. The stele’s forehead border is carved with the theme of two dragons adorning the moon and clouds. The fringes around the stele are carved with dragons, phoenixes, clouds, peonies, chrysanthemums, double-leaved ribbons, and Khanh-shaped clouds. The body of the stele is engraved with a Chinese inscription written by Dr. Drafted by Nguyen Tien Trieu, Dr. Ho Si Duong’s main leap.
The handwriting is carved honestly, recording the construction of Nam Giao Palace in Thang Long (Hanoi) and the beginning of the new year, the king and his courtiers set up an altar to worship heaven and earth, praying for favorable rain and harmony, national peace and prosperity. . That shows, the establishment of the flock to sacrifice to heaven and earth has become an indispensable important ritual of feudal dynasties inherited, maintained and developed to later periods.
Beer is tall: 213 cm; width: 146 cm; Thickness: 34cm. Dimensions of the base: 214 cm – 156 cm – 51 cm. In the photo is the carving array at the base.
The beer pedestal is engraved with dragon horse and flowers. Decorative patterns represent the typical theme of sculpture art in the Le Trung Hung period.
Typical dragon image of Le Trung Hung period. The soft, sharp sculptural lines show a high level of sculptural technique of this period.
The decoration part with pictures of peony, chrysanthemum, double threaded ribbon and rattan pattern. In terms of architecture, art, fine arts, the cultural and spiritual life of Thang Long – Dai Viet under the Ly – Tran – Le dynasties, the stele also gives a better understanding of the historical values ​​​​of Thang Long citadel. old 
Experiencing many changes in the country’s history, the Nam Giao Thang Long Dan Dan is no longer present, but the sacred values ​​and relics that remain contain many great values ​​in terms of history, culture and architecture of the time. Le Trung Hung.
In the left corner of the front of the stele, the image of a broken summoned beast is not intact. The other carvings are still intact, the details are clear. The preservation and promotion of heritage values ​​aim to build an advanced Vietnamese culture imbued with national identity. Follow Dan trí