Three landmarks recognized by UNESCO as a global geopark are also the destinations that attract domestic and foreign tourists to check in.
If you want to discover a natural destination that not only has spectacular scenery but also contains traces of the history of the Earth’s development, Vietnam’s global geoparks will be the ideal place for you.
Not only having impressive natural beauty, these landmarks also attract visitors with the unique traditional cultural identity of the resident community and a variety of local specialties.
DONG VAN GLOBAL GEOLOGY PARK, HA GIANG PROVINCE
In 2010, Dong Van Karst Plateau was officially recognized as a Global Geopark by UNESCO’s Global Geoparks Network (GGN) Advisory Council. According to GGN’s assessment, Dong Van Karst Plateau is one of the special limestone areas, containing typical imprints of the history of the development of the Earth’s crust, natural phenomena, unique landscapes, and diversity. high biodiversity and long cultural traditions of indigenous communities.
Located at an average altitude of 1,000 – 1,600 m above sea level, Dong Van Stone Plateau spreads across 4 districts of Quan Ba, Yen Minh, Meo Vac, and Dong Van of Ha Giang province. Due to the geological diversity and climate change, karst evolution has created very rich “stone gardens” and “stone forests” such as: Khau Vai rock garden (Meo Vac) with rock-shaped peaks. flowers, flower buds, flower branches of all shapes and sizes; Lung Pu rock garden (Meo Vac) has stone spires, boulders, stone towers shaped like dragons, sitting tigers…; Van Chai rock garden (Dong Van) has smooth round stones stacked on top of each other. However, mountain ranges with pyramidal peaks and sky-high consecutive slopes are the most common, giving Dong Van Stone Plateau a majestic majesty.
Besides the values of geology, geomorphology, landscape…, Dong Van Karst Plateau also contains traditional cultural values of the community of 17 ethnic minorities such as: Mong, Dao, Lo Lo, Tay, etc. Nung… People in the highlands of Dong Van live together with rocks: clearing stones to build houses, to have arable land; cut stones to find freshwater… Stone-built into fences around villages, stones kept water, kept land for terraced fields, stones built into forests and ramparts to protect the border of the Fatherland.
NON NATION CAO BANG GLOBAL GEOGRAPHIC PARK, CAO BANG PROVINCE
Non-Nuoc Cao Bang Geopark was officially recognized as a Global Geopark by UNESCO in April 2018 and became the second Global Geopark in Vietnam. This place is a rare land in Vietnam so visitors can learn the history of the Earth through the vestiges. Fossils, marine sediments, volcanic rocks, minerals, etc., especially limestone landscapes, are excellent examples of Earth’s evolution and change.
Up to now, scientists have discovered, evaluated and proposed to rank over 130 unique geological heritage sites with rich and diverse limestone terrains and landscapes such as stone towers, cones, valleys, etc. valleys, caves, river systems, underground caves… reflect a complete karst evolutionary cycle in the tropics of North Vietnam. In addition, many other types of geological heritage such as paleontological fossils, boundaries between geological units, faults, and mineral types have formed in this land.
This land also has a rich culture and history with more than 215 ranked cultural and historical relics, of which there are 3 special national relic sites, namely: Pac Bo special national relic site. -where President Ho Chi Minh returned home in 1941 to lead the Vietnamese revolutionary movement after more than 30 years of wandering abroad; Tran Hung Dao Forest Special National Monument – wherein 1944 General Vo Nguyen Giap established the Vietnam Liberation Army Propaganda Team, the predecessor of the Vietnam People’s Army today; Special National Relic Site of the Border Victory Site in 1950. Along with many famous domestic and international scenic spots such as Pac Bo cave, Lenin stream, Ban Gioc waterfall, Nguom Ngao cave, Thang Hen lake. , Phia Oac National Park – Phia Den …
DAK NONG GLOBAL GEOGRAPHIC PARK, DAK NONG PROVINCE
On July 7, UNESCO approved the decision to recognize Dak Nong Geopark as a Global Geopark. As part of the poetic and majestic M’Nong plateau, Dak Nong Geopark is the convergence of typical values of geomorphology, archeology, culture and typical biodiversity of the area. area.
Stretching over an area of 4,760 km 2 , including the districts of Krong No, Cu Jut, Dak Mil, Dak Song, Dak G’long and Gia Nghia town, Dak Nong Geopark has about 65 geological heritage sites, geomorphology, including a system of nearly 50 caves with a total length of more than 10,000 m, craters, waterfalls.
The history of this land dates back to 140 million years ago, when it was still a part of a large ocean with traces found such as sedimentary rocks, fossils of chrysalis and other fossils. The tectonic movement of the earth’s crust has caused this area to be raised and volcanoes appear. It is volcanic eruptions that have covered half of this area by basalt lava layers and created the most unique and massive system of caves and volcanoes in Southeast Asia. In particular, we have discovered traces of prehistoric people’s habitation from about 10,000 years ago today.
What adds value to Dak Nong Geopark is that it is located in the middle of a land rich in cultural history with tangible and intangible cultural values such as: Space of Gong Culture in the Central Highlands, Epic Ot N’drong, Nam Nung Nature Reserve, Ta Dung National Park, D’ray Sap, Trinh Nu, Gia Long waterfalls and Yok Don National Park (Dak Lak).