26.11.2020, 09:45

Vietnam Museum of Ethnology: the ‘throne’ of Vietnamese cultural identity

If you think the museum is a dry, rigid place, you will definitely have to change your mind as soon as you come to the lively space at the Vietnam Museum of Ethnology in Hanoi.

About the Vietnam Museum of Ethnology

Located on Nguyen Van Huyen Street, Quan Hoa Ward, Cau Giay District, opposite Nghia Do Park and about 8km from the center of Hanoi , the Museum of Ethnology is a non-business organization directly under the Academy. Vietnam Social Sciences, specializing in research, collection, inventory, preservation, and restoration of artifacts as well as documents about 54 ethnic groups across the country.

A prominent museum building in the heart of the city (Photo @mainieh_)

The museum started construction in 1995 and until November 1997, was officially established under the design of French architects Ha Duc Linh and Veronique Dollfus with an area of ​​about 4.5 hectares.

In 2000, the Vietnam Museum of Ethnology was honored to be awarded the Third Class Labor Medal by the State, in 2006 it was ranked second and in 2015 it was ranked first, along with many other certificates of merit and exam flags.

With great historical and cultural values, this place has become an attractive destination in Hanoi and welcomes more than 100,000 tourists to visit each year.

The unique architecture of the Vietnam Museum of Ethnology

The Museum of Ethnology is divided into 3 main areas: the 54 ethnic cultural display area, the outdoor display area and the Southeast Asian exhibition area (outside of Vietnam), with a very scientific presentation and logic for the viewer to easily grasp the distinctive identities of each area.

Trong Dong Building

It is not necessary to go all the way to Ha Giang to know the culture of the Tay, no need to go to Nghe An to learn the customs of the Chut people, nor until the distant Central Highlands to know the lifestyle of the Ede people. . because right at the Trong Dong building in the heart of the capital, you can see all those things with your own eyes.

Vietnam Museum of Ethnology: the ‘throne’ of Vietnamese cultural identity
All cultures of 54 ethnic groups are gathered here (Photo @uyen_apple)

Inside the bronze drum-shaped building – the symbol of Vietnamese civilization are the exhibition areas clearly arranged in the language system such as: the first floor is the ethnic group of the Vietnamese language group – Muong, such as: Kinh, Muong , Chut, Tho …, and the second floor are the remaining language groups such as: Mon – Khmer, Han – Tibeto, Nam Dao, Hmong – Dao and Tay Thai – Kađai.

Here, visitors will be delighted with more than 42,000 films with color photos, 2190 positive films, 373 video tapes, 273 tapes, 25 CD-Roms and 15,000 common objects in the daily life of people. in regions.

Lots of pictures and specimens (Photo @ tr.tmee)

From conical hats, fishing nets, bicycles carrying rattan baskets … to clothes, loincloths, scarves, brocade dresses, baskets, tray …, even tissues Ceremony images, funerals, weddings … are all reproduced in great detail, meticulously and vividly, making us feel like we are coming to that area to witness.

Familiar objects are delicately recreated (Photo @ linhsu1902)

In addition, this building in the Vietnam Museum of Ethnology also has a temporary exhibition area, that is, continuously renewing themes to suit the times, avoiding the feeling of boredom and for visitors to understand. more on Vietnam’s change over time.

Typically: in 2006, a re-enactment of Hanoi’s life during the subsidy period, in 2013, a description of the life of students away from home in big cities and in 2014, 2015, the life of the children of the Central Highlands in the 50s through the works of famous French photographer, Mr. Jean Marie Duchage.

Featured works of art (Photo @trbngocc .__)

In particular, to fully meet the needs of visitors, all exhibits on display have carefully documented information in 3 languages: Vietnamese, English and French.

> See more: Review the cultural village of Vietnamese ethnic groups check-in along the country

Outdoor display area

This is the largest area in the Museum of Ethnology in Hanoi with 2ha and is called with another name is Garden of Architecture. Yes, the name says it all, because this place mainly introduces traditional architectural works of all 10 ethnic groups in Vietnam.

The highlights are: the bright red-tiled roof house of the Vietnamese, the longhouse of the Ede people, the communal house of the Bana people, the house on stilts of the Tay people, the ground house with ponu shingles of the Hmong, the mass grave of the Garai. , reporter of Ha Nhi people, Cham tower of Khmer and rice mortar with water power of Dao …

The communal house in the Central Highlands (Photo @ _cynthia.aa_)
Impressive architecture of the Cham Tower (Photo @_hrua_)

The impressive thing is that all the houses are clearly reproduced in every detail, arranged in accordance with the structure of each ethnic group, making everyone visiting feel like they are lost in the beloved house full of the breath of life in those people.

In addition, people also design shade green trees, wooden bridges spanning rivers, winding streams or winding, meandering paved roads … making space where the Vietnam Museum of Ethnology becomes more airy and cool.

Green space of the surrounding trees (Photo @ _silent.six_)

The exhibition area in Southeast Asia

Not the original design of the museum, but due to the development of economy, culture and tourism, in 2013, the building was in the shape of a kite – in the sense that Vietnam could reach this high, reach out further. Newly added, but immediately attracted a lot of visitors’ attention.

Here, visitors can understand more about the countries in Southeast Asia because of the typical artifacts without having to come to the place for expensive.

Moreover, the Vietnam National Museum also regularly organizes international exhibitions at this project, with quite attractive topics such as: Around the world or A glimpse of Asia, … for visitors to have You can admire the unique and new things of the lands you have not yet set foot in.

If you want to discover more clearly the interesting cultural beauty of Vietnam’s friends around the world, the movie theater, multimedia room or large hall is the place that you should not miss. Where are you?

In addition, the ethnographic museum complex also has an agency area, including: research facilities, libraries and a system of artifacts preservation … to serve the work of staff, historians. , daily science.

Interesting things at the Vietnam Museum of Ethnology

Coming to the Vietnam Museum of Ethnology , in addition to admiring and learning about the typical cultural features of ethnic groups, tourist regions can also comfortably live virtual at unique designs in the public. submit. Typically, the corner of the spiral staircase goes up the floors, with a harmonious combination of modern design and vintage white – brown tones, will definitely give you the extreme pictures.

Virtual living corner “divine” at the museum (Photo @ sieunhanchuoi92)

Besides, every Saturday and Sunday, this place also organizes attractive art exchanges such as water puppetry, folk games, folk songs or ethnic dances. tradition … bold Vietnamese national identity, for visitors to relax.

Excellent cultural shows (Photo @chihiro_hanoi)

In addition, even in the cultural area, there are also small cafes so that after visiting, visitors can stop to rest and energize for the great journey to come.

Chill at the cafes (Photo @homnayddidau)

And before returning, do not forget to visit the souvenir stalls to buy some brocade, beautiful pottery, delicate craft key chains or pictures … to make gifts for family and friends. Sure, it will be very meaningful and memorable.

How to move to the Vietnam Museum of Ethnology

Because it is located in the inner city of Hanoi, you can easily come here by motorbike following the directions of google maps, for those who do not have a car, you can catch motorbike taxi or technology car manufacturers such as grap, be or gojek, if you want to save money, you can catch bus 07 or 38 stop near the museum gate for a very cheap price, only 7,000 VND / time only.

Some notes when visiting the Vietnam Museum of Ethnology

Opening hours : from 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. daily, except Mondays and Chinese New Year.

Admission fee :

Adults – 40,000 VND / ticket, students (with a student card) – 15,000 VND / ticket, students – 10,000 VND / ticket, while for ethnic minorities, the elderly or people with mild and severe disabilities will be reduced 50% of the fare.

– Only children under 6 years old, people with extremely severe disabilities, journalists (with cards), sponsors and holders of ICOM cards or Museum Friends cards of BTDTHVN are free.

Voiceover fee : 50,000 VND for indoor or outdoor Vietnamese-language voice-over, 100,000 VND for full Vietnamese voice-over, 100,000 VND for English or French inside.

Photography fee : 50,000 VND / travel camera.

For visitors to visit :

– No group participation is too crowded.

– One caption will only be released to 30 people.

– Do not carry weapons, flammable substances, toxic substances, smoke-causing substances or bulky furniture.

– For luggage in the right place, high-value items and money should be brought with you for preservation.

– Do not bring food, water or animals into the museum.

– Do not smoke, make noise, touch, sit on objects, turn on the flash when photographing artifacts or climb trees, break fruit, branches and flowers … in the museum garden.

– Keep general hygiene, put garbage in the right place.

If you “stick to” the unique cultural features of your regions but have not had enough conditions to explore, go right to the Vietnam Museum of Ethnology to satisfy that love.

Photo: Internet